• author: Monkhaus

Structuring Django Projects: A Simple Guide

In this article, we will be discussing how to structure your Django project using a simple and effective approach. Structuring your project is essential in making your code easy to work with, highly maintainable, and scalable.

Creating a Folder for your Django Project

The first step is to create a new folder for your Django project. You can name it whatever you like, but for this article, we will call it "testdjango project." After creating the folder, navigate to it using your command prompt or terminal.

Setting up a Virtual Environment

After creating the folder, the next step is to set up a virtual environment. This is done using the usual method. For this article, we will be using the name "test_env." To activate it, use the command appropriate for your operating system.

Installing Django

Once the virtual environment is set up and active, the next step is to install Django. This is done using the pip command and the appropriate version of Django for your needs.

Creating the Project

With Django installed, you can use the command "django-admin startproject" to create a new Django project. For this article, we will name it "myproj." This command will generate the essential files needed for a Django project, including the settings, URLs, and other relevant files.

Creating an App

It is common in Django projects to create multiple apps. For this article, we will create a single app called "api." To do this, navigate to the project's root directory and run the command "python manage.py startapp api." This will create a folder named "api" with the required files for an app.

Structuring the App

To structure the app, create subfolders with the appropriate names and include an init file in each subfolder to make the code easily importable. Additionally, create a "urls.py" and "admin.py" file.

To make structuring the app simpler, use this sample script from useful scripts as a guide:

import os



folders = [

for folder in folders:
    with open(f"{folder}/__init__.py", "w") as f:

with open("urls.py", "w") as f:

with open("admin.py", "w") as f:

This script creates a folder called "api" and several subfolders within it, including models, serializers, views, and tests, each with an init file. It also creates urls.py and admin.py files. You can modify this script as needed for the specifics of your project.

Setting Up the Profile Model

To illustrate how to work with models in Django projects, let's create a Profile model as an example. To do this, open the models.py file created earlier in the api folder and add the following:

from django.db import models

class Profile(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=50)
    email = models.EmailField()
    bio = models.TextField()

    def __str__(self):
        return self.name

This code creates a simple Profile model with several fields. You can add additional fields as needed for your project.


To work with the model, we need to serialize it. To do this, create a serializers.py file in the api folder and add the following code:

from rest_framework import serializers
from .models import Profile

class ProfileSerializer(serializers.ModelSerializer):
    class Meta:
        model = Profile
        fields = "__all__"

This code creates a simple Profile serializer. Serialize is the process of converting complex data structures into JSON or XML format to make it easier to send data over the wire.


Views in Django are responsible for processing incoming requests and returning appropriate responses. To create a view for our Profile model, add the following code to the views.py file in the api folder:

from rest_framework import generics
from .models import Profile
from .serializers import ProfileSerializer

class ProfileList(generics.ListCreateAPIView):
    queryset = Profile.objects.all()
    serializer_class = ProfileSerializer

class ProfileDetail(generics.RetrieveUpdateDestroyAPIView):
    queryset = Profile.objects.all()
    serializer_class = ProfileSerializer

Here, we define two views - ProfileList and ProfileDetail. The ProfileList view returns a list of all Profile objects, while the ProfileDetail view returns details for a particular Profile object.


URLs in Django map incoming requests to their respective views. To define URLs for our Profile model, create a urls.py file in the api folder and add the following code:

from django.urls import path
from .views import ProfileList, ProfileDetail

urlpatterns = [
    path('profile/', ProfileList.as_view()),
    path('profile/<int:pk>/', ProfileDetail.as_view()),

Here, we define two paths - one for the ProfileList view and another for the ProfileDetail view.

Final Thoughts

By structuring your Django project in this way, you'll easily be able to handle future changes and updates to your code. It promotes neatness and simplicity over excessive abstraction that can make code difficult to understand.

With this simple guide, you can set up your Django project in a way that is scalable, maintainable, and easier to work with. With the right tools and a little bit of planning, your Django project can become a success.

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